The Toyota Camry (; Japanese: トヨタ・カムリ Toyota Kamuri) is an automobile sold internationally by the Japanese manufacturer since 1982, spanning multiple generations. Originally in size (narrow-body), later Camry models have grown to fit the classification (wide-body)—although the two sizes co-existed in the 1990s. Since the release of the wide-bodied versions, Camry has been extolled by Toyota as the firm's second "world car" after the . In Japan, Camry is exclusive to retail dealerships. Narrow-body cars also spawned a rebadged sibling in Japan, the Toyota Vista (トヨタ・ビスタ)—also introduced in 1982 and sold at locations. versions have previously retailed at .
Between 1979 and 1982, the Camry nameplate was delegated to a four-door model in Japan, known as the . When Camry became an independent model line in 1982 with the series, Toyota made it available as a five-door in addition to the sedan. The subsequent series, debuted in 1986 with a substituting the liftback body variant and Japan-only sedans making their debut. The company replaced the V20 in 1990 with the sedan and hardtop, but this model series was exclusive to Japan. in that country dictated the retention of a narrower body as utilized in previous Camry generations. However, overseas demand for a larger Camry resulted in the development of a wide-body sedan and station wagon that arrived in 1991. Japan also received the wider XV10 as the Toyota Scepter (トヨタ・セプター). The company then issued an XV10-bodied in 1993 that was spun off in 1998 as an independent model line, titled .
When the Japanese market received a new narrow-body series in 1994 to replace V30, the wide-body XV10 continued unchanged. Its replacement, the , arrived in 1996—named Camry Gracia in Japan. It was not until the narrow V40 ended manufacture in 1998 that the Camry in Japan was to again mirror the cars sold internationally. Japanese sedans dropped the Gracia suffix in 1999, although it was retained by the wagon until its 2001 demise. From 1998, the Vista ended its Camry alignment, and instead branched into an independent model line with the series for an extra generation before the nameplate was withdrawn in 2003. The next wide-body model, the , came in 2001. Now sold only as a sedan, it now offered two different front- and rear-end design treatments. Japan and most global markets received one style; a separate, more conservative version covered markets in and Southeast Asia. With the of 2006, the Camry-derived become the donor model for the more conservative Camry sold in this region. The subsequent series, sold from 2011 until 2017, has resulted in even more markets adopting the alternative body panels, such as Japan and Eastern Europe. The current generation is called the .
When Toyota launched their luxury brand in 1989, it offered a close derivative of the Camry/Vista hardtop sedan as the . The relationship continues to this day, but over the generations, the ES—sold as the in Japan from 1991 through to 2005—gravitated further away from its Camry brethren. Between 2000 and 2010 and since 2012, has offered a Camry as the Daihatsu Altis (ダイハツ・アルティス) sold only in Japan. Badge engineering has also occurred in Australia with the between 1989 and 1996. From 1993, Toyota Australia badged versions as Camry Vienta, becoming Toyota Vienta in 1995 until the badge's departure in 2000. Between 2006-2017, the Toyota Aurion model from Australia was derived from the V6 Camry, but with revised front-end and rear-end styling treatment and a partially refurbished cabin.
The name "Camry" is an of the Japanese word kanmuri (, かんむり), meaning "". This follows Toyota's naming tradition of using the crown name for primary models starting with the (1955), continuing with the (1957) and (1966); the words for "crown" and "small crown", respectively. Maintaining this theme was the (1960) named after the "" form of crown. The Atara trim level name used on the Camry in Australia since 2011 means "crown" in . The rebadged Camry variant for Japan, the (1991)—took its name from "", a royal accessory to a crown.
Main article:Toyota Celica Camry (Japan)
The "Camry" nameplate originated on a four-door approximate to the called the Celica Camry. Toyota designated this initial application of the Camry name as the A40/A50 series. Celica Camry made its sales debut in January 1980 at retail dealerships in Japan. Production had earlier commenced in December 1979 at the at . Despite the marketing position, Celica Camry shares few components with its namesake—but rather the .Toyota modified the Carina by elongating its front-end and incorporating styling cues such as the T-bar motif that resembled the . Strictly speaking, Celica Camry is not the first generation of Camry, but rather its predecessor.
Celica Camry utilizes the and in A40 guise, a standard four-link with displacing 1.6 liters for the (TA41) and 1.8 liters with the (TA46). Initial model grades comprised: 1600 LT, 1600 XT, 1800 LT, 1800 XT, and 1800 XT Super Edition. In August 1980, Toyota released high-end models with four-wheel , denoted A50 (front , rear setup; four-wheel ). For the TA57 series 1800 SX, Toyota fitted the 1.8-liter engine.Toyota designated the new 2.0-liter grades, the powered 2000 SE and -based 2000 GT as RA56 and RA55, respectively.
Toyota started production of the first generation series Camry in March 1982 at the Tsutsumi plant. Designated the model code , when fitted with gasoline engines it was known as the SV10, SV11, or SV12 depending on the exact version. Likewise, the diesel versions are identified by the CV10 and CV11 codes. Released to the Japanese market on 24 March 1982, Toyota issued the V10 series as a four-door retailing at the dealerships. At the same time, a twinned model—the Toyota Vista—launched as a rebadged Camry sold at separate locations. Five-door versions of the Vista came to the market in August 1982, although outside of export markets the Camry remained exclusively a sedan. These cars served above the comparably sized and in the Toyota hierarchy. Unlike the preceding Celica Camry, exports were achieved with the first generation Camry to Australia, Europe, and North America.
Development of the V10 series Camry and Vista began in August 1977 following the and would later cover the . Automobile manufacturers were making the inexorable move to downsized, lighter, more cars with better performance. The industry also began wide-scale switching from the rear-wheel-drive layout to the lighter and more compact in the interest of increased fuel economy. With a development focus on exports, particularly to the US,Toyota designed Camry to replace the in many overseas markets. It needed to compete with the compact, front-drive sedan from Japan. Via , Camry exceeded the Accord's by 150 millimeters (5.9 in) and offered larger engines. The also established the compact front-wheel-drive vehicles by in the US as competitors. In light of this competition—and a first for Toyota—the V10 adopted front-wheel drive with the engine . Between this layout that reduced the size of the engine compartment, the notchback sedan and liftback bodies with , and the longer of 2,600 millimeters (102.4 in)—the V10 series was considered spacious for its time and class. Furthermore, by situating the fuel tank underneath the back seat, luggage space is increased. The styling of the V10 followed the box-shaped trends characteristic of the early 1980s. testing led to the fitment of drag-reducing flush , a flat roofline to reduce wind buffeting, and one-piece front with to direct air flow. is quoted at Cd=0.38 for the sedan and Cd=0.36 for the liftback.
Coil spring independent suspension features by way of a type with and up front, and a MacPherson rear setup with parallel lower arms. Steering uses a design; braking hardware is made up of front ventilated and rear with a double to suppress lock-up. Innovatively, a sensor is fitted to detect worn-out , alerted by use of an audible chime.
Powertrain design was reassessed for front-wheel-drive and this generated a foundation for which other models were developed. The is connected inline with the engine, and to create a simple and compact structure, a single rail system that replaces the three shafts normally used for each gear range with a single shaft, was adopted. In addition, was used for the lubricating oil in order to reduce friction. Existing gasoline and diesel were converted for use in transverse applications. Initially, the V10 featured the 1.8-liter engine good for 100 PS (74 kW) and a five-speed manual transmission. From July 1982, four-speed automatic with became available after starting manufacture the previous month. The 2.0-liter engine with 120 PS (88 kW) and four-speed automatic followed in August. August 1983 saw the 1.8-liter diesel offered (80 PS or 59 kW) exclusive to Japanese dealerships called . June 1984 introduced the 2.0-liter engine offered on higher trims with 140 or 160 PS (100 or 120 kW) depending on the version. For lower trims, the 85 PS (63 kW) "Ci" 1.8-liter arrived. The diesel was upgraded to the 2.0-liter specification in August 1985 (88 PS or 65 kW).
Japanese trims levels initially comprised LT, XT, SE, and ZX for Camry sedan. Lumiere and XE grades came to the market in June 1984, and the GLi TwinCam in May 1985. Vista sedan and liftback specification levels were at first VC (sedan only), VL, VE, and VX. The VF arrived in August 1982, and VR and VS models in June 1984 at the expense of the departing VE. Special edition models comprised: VE Extra (December 1982), VL Extra (January 1983), VL Super Extra (January 1985), VF-II (April 1985 and April 1986), and VL Grand Extra (December 1985 and April 1986). became door-mounted as opposed to fender-mounted in May 1983. Facelifted models arrived in June 1984 featuring a new , redesigned bumpers, revised tail-lamps, updated , enlarged , and general trim alterations.
The shift to smaller cars amid the oil crises doubled Japanese automobile market share from 10 to 20 percent in the United States between 1970 and 1980; thus, causing economic tensions between the two nations.Toyota then began investigating the option of building a US production facility, following the announcements in January and April 1980 by and , respectively, to manufacture automobiles locally. As investigations proceeded, Toyota proposed entering a joint venture with in May 1980 to produce a compact car.Toyota advocated that its Camry be manufactured at a Ford factory and sold through the sales channels of both brands, but Ford deemed Camry to be in competition with a model it was developing, which became the , leading to an impasse and then the cessation of negotiations in July 1981. Increasing Japan–United States unease culminated with the Japanese government, at the urging of its US counterpart, imposing a voluntary in May 1981 with a threshold for the export of motor vehicles to the US.Toyota would eventually pursue circumvention; firstly by entering into venture by forming with in 1984 to manufacture the , and then by setting up its own facility at in 1988 for the next generation Camry.
Sales of the V10 Camry in the US began in March 1983 after exports commerced in January, and by 1985 it had sold 128,000 units. Unlike other markets, federalized quad were fitted for the 1983 and 1984 model years. Buyers could specify sedan or liftback bodies with a five-speed manual transmission or extra-cost four-speed automatic paired to the 2.0-liter gasoline motor rated at 92 hp (69 kW).Toyota then offered DX (deluxe) and LE (luxury edition) trim levels, the latter adding standard features such as body-colored bumpers, , tilt steering wheel, upgraded stereo, electric mirrors and variable intermittent . Updates for the 1984 model year included an overdrive lockout switch for the automatic transmission. Also optional was the manual-only 1.8-liter turbo diesel for the DX with 73 hp (54 kW), a special gauge cluster, and quieter . Changes for 1985 involved the facelift (now with one-piece headlamps), the transfer of the optional 's switchgear from the dashboard to the wiper stalk, and wider LE-type tires for the DX trim (from 165 to 185 millimeters or 6.5 to 7.3 inches). 1985 cars received gas-charged front and stiffer rear springs, an anti-theft was now optional on both grades, automatic became an option for the diesel, the DX added a standard tilt steering wheel, and the LE models offered an optional . For 1986, a replacement diesel engine, the automatic-only 2.0-liter arrived for the DX and LE (79 hp or 59 kW), and the gasoline model increased power by around 3 hp (2 kW). Other revisions for this model year were a revised powered brake system and new cloth seat and door trim for LEs.
For Australia, the Camry range—based on the Vista front styling—was limited to a single-grade GLi liftback variant between April 1983 and April 1987. Sold as an upmarket alternative to the locally produced , the sole powertrain offered was the gasoline 2.0-liter engine with 77 kW (103 hp) coupled with the five-speed manual or four-speed automatic transmission. Optional extras included powering steering, air conditioning, electric , power doors and windows, plus an upgraded stereo. Facelifted models with more standard appointments arrived in August 1984, and the unleaded version from early 1986 reduced power output by 2 kW (3 hp).
Europe and the United Kingdom received both body variants when released there in mid 1984—these were available in the gasoline GLi trim (1.8- 1S-L and 2.0-liter 2S-EL) or the GLD turbo diesel (1.8- 1C-TL in early models; later models upgraded to the 2.0-liter 2C-TL).Powertrains (V10) Model Fuel Engine Power Torque Transmission SV10 Gasoline 1.8 L (, ) 74 kW (100 PS) (JP; 1S-LU) 152 N⋅m (112 lb⋅ft) (JP; 1S-LU) 5-speed manual ()
The second generation, V20 series Camry went on sale during August 1986 in Japan. As with the previous series, there was again a parallel Vista model for the home market that Toyota released simultaneously. V20 Camry and Vista sedans continued with the four-door sedan configuration. For overseas markets, Toyota issued a for the first time. The Vista also launched with a four-door pillared sedan with unique body panels all-round in lieu of the liftback offered with the previous car—a body extended to the Camry in August 1988. To attain a sportier appearance with lower and wider proportions, Toyota reduced the height of the hardtop by 25 millimeters (1 in) over the sedan. Not intended for export, this hardtop body with few changes would later form the basis of the upscale but hastily conceived produced for North American customers from June 1989 through to 1991.Toyota rushed the ES 250 as a stopgap measure to flesh out the fledgling lineup so as not to launch the flagship as a stand-alone model.
The V20 Camry originated from a time at Toyota when considerable cost and attention to detail was engineered into its cars such as high-quality materials and build quality to transcend the competition. Sedans retained the V10's rear quarter glass with styling less angular than before. To appease export customers, styling lost some of its Japanese legacy in its transition to a more Americanized design, with a softer and sleeker silhouette.Toyota designed the body with aerodynamics in mind, with performance of Cd=0.34 for the sedan. V20 also features headlamps and a grille that are sculptured into a gently curved that partially conceal the windscreen wipers, wind splitters up the ends of the windscreen, near-flush glass, and a third door seal to close the gap between the body and window frames. Body dimensions were largely unchanged from the previous model, including an identical wheelbase, although length increases 100 millimeters (3.9 in). Basic sub-skin hardware is also closely related, including the platform and the fully independent suspension with a strut and a coil spring at each corner and an anti-roll bar at each end. Noise isolation is improved by mounting the rear suspension on a akin to the that had now switched to Camry-based mechanicals. As before, the braking package encompasses ventilated discs up front, conventional drums in the rear, upgraded to rear discs in some cars. The braking system has a tandem-type and diagonally divided . Wagons receive a load-sensing proportioning valve that grants greater braking pressure when laden and prevents wheel lockup under light payloads. Entry-level V20 wheel size increases from 13 to 14 inches.
All engines now use exclusively and were common to Camry and Vista. Entry-level customers were offered the carry-over "Ci" 1.8-liter (designated 1S-iLU in the V10) inline-four with five-speed manual or an automatic with four gears. Stepping up from this were the new and GT high-performance (designated 3S-GELU for V10s) 2.0-liter four-cylinder cars. Turbo-diesel models were again limited to the motor displacing 2.0 liters (labeled 2C-TL for V10s). Transmission were either a five-speed manual or an electronically controlled automatic with four gears. When launched in Japan, the V20 series Camry (sedan only) offered the following trim levels: LT, XT, XT Saloon, ZE, ZT, ZX, and GT. For the Vista sedan, Toyota offered: VC, VL, VE, VR, and VX. Hardtop versions comprised: VE, VR, VX, and GT. Flagship models of the Japanese specification Camry sedan, the Camry Prominent and Prominent G arrived in April 1987 with the 2.0-liter , a protruding chrome grille, larger North American-type bumpers, interior highlights, an electric seat function, plus . Full-time four-wheel-drive became an option in October 1987 with select 3S-FE manual variants (VL Extra, VR); automatics equipped with an electronic front- and rear-wheel torque distribution optimizer followed in August 1988. The Vista was not available with the V6, but in April 1987, the special edition Vista VL Extra sedan and hardtop arrived, followed by the Etoile in August and again in January 1989; limited edition Etoile V cars were offered in September 1989 and January 1990.Toyota discontinued the Vista VC in December 1989 and released a special edition VX Limited in May 1989 and then again for January 1990. When the Camry Prominent hardtop variant arrived in August 1988, it offered base, G, and E-Type levels of trim alongside a new sedan-only Camry Lumière. Also in August 1988, a diesel version of the Vista hardtop made its debut, and the 1.8-liter gasoline engine was upgraded to the twin-cam specification. Special editions for the Camry comprised: Lumière S sedan (January 1989), Prominent X hardtop (May 1989), Lumière G sedan (June 1989), and XT Saloon Special sedan (January 1990). In 1988 the Japan market Camry became the first Toyota equipped with a driver .
North American market V20 series Camry sedan and wagons came to the market in late 1986 for the 1987 model year., the first wholly owned Toyota plant in the US, began producing the Camry in May 1988. The country of manufacture can be found by looking at the first character of the ; a Camry manufactured in Japan has a VIN starting with "J", a model made in the US starts with "4" and a model made in Australia starts with "6". Three trim levels of the V20 Camry were made: the unbadged base model, the DX, and the LE. In 1991, became optional on the V6, LE, and station wagon models. The four-wheel-drive system dubbed was introduced for 1988 and a 2.5-liter V6 engine was added as an option. The V6 was fuel-injected with 24 valves, and .
released the second generation Camry in April 1987. Local manufacture of the V20 had begun earlier in February at its recently acquired facility at as a replacement for the and the Camry before it. Four-cylinder engine production and panel-stamping was undertaken at Toyota's plant, all part of a model localization and factory upgrades investment totalling A5 million. In fact, it was the first Camry made outside Japan, and is notable for being the most localized Toyota Australia product thus far with a lead time of less than six months, the shortest yet between start of Japanese and Australian manufacture. Higher levels of specification were fitted with the locally built 2.0-liter 3S-FE motor, but the imported 1.8-liter 1S-i unit distinguished base SE and CS cars. Both sedans and wagons were offered and either engine offered standard five-speed manual transmission, upgradeable to the four-speed automatic. Features standard at the base level SE comprised: AM/FM radio, storage compartment, remote fuel filler release, intermittent windscreen wipers, digital clock. CS cars added a tilt to which the CS-X adds a key lock warning system. The CS driver's seat has front height adjustment; the CS-X's front and rear height adjustment. The CS gets a two speaker AM/FM radio cassette player; the CS-X a four-speaker system and automatic electric antenna, plus central locking, variable intermittent wipers and center rear arm rest. The sedan-only Ultima grade gains power windows, cruise control, automatic transmission as standard, trim, and a nine-stage graphic for the audio system. A fleet-focused Executive pack based on the SE arrived in May 1988, adding automatic transmission, power steering, and air conditioning. In June 1988, the 2.5-liter V6 was introduced, being an imported fully optioned model from Japan sold in limited numbers and distinguished from local four-cylinder cars by its unique bumpers and trim. Coinciding with the August 1989 facelift, the 2.0-liter engine with superseded the imported 1.8. The updates brought minor adjustments inside and out, including improved suspension, steering, and headlights. In May 1991, Toyota made the fuel-injected 3S-FE version standard upon the carburetored engine's deletion, and the CS trim level became CSi. Coinciding with this change, power steering became standard fitment and Toyota Australia refreshed badging, including the attachment of the new corporate logo consisting of three overlapping ellipses to form the letter "T". With the May 1991 update, the Ultima models gained a , the first Australian-built car to offer this. Towards the end of the series, special editions were released, starting with the Spirit of February 1991. Then in September 1992, value-added CSi Limited and Olympic Spirit cars came onto the scene. Australian production ended in late November 1992, in time for production of the XV10 to commence on 2 December. The Used Car Safety Ratings, published in 2008 by the Accident Research Centre, found that V20 Camry models provide an "average" (3/5 stars) level of occupant in the event of an accident.Holden Apollo (JK, JL)
The , a variant to the Toyota Camry, retailed in Australia alongside the facelifted Camry V20 series from August 1989. Production had started in July. This model sharing occurred due to the (UAAI) joint venture between Toyota Australia and starting in 1987 that resulted in model sharing between both automakers from August 1989. Known as the JK series, the Apollo differentiated itself by way of a redesigned grille, rehashed tail lamps and other minor trim items. This rebranding scheme was the result of the , introduced in May 1984 to rationalise and make the Australian more competitive on a global scale by means of reducing import . Offered in sedan and wagon guises, Apollo replaced the .
Powertrains were verbatim of the Camry, with the 3S-FC for the entry-level SL, and higher-end SLX and SLE models graced with the 3S-FE engine. An SLX option pack, known as the Executive was also available. The SL opened up the Apollo range with remote , intermittent windscreen wipers, heated rear screen , remote release for sedans and fuel filler door, a two-speaker radio and side and rear glass. SLX variants were distinguished by their full , as opposed to the SL model's steel wheels with centre caps. The Executive variant was not a stand-alone model, but an option pack for the SLX, adding power steering and automatic transmission. SLE equipment included the four-wheel disc brakes, variable intermittent windscreen wipers, a four-speaker stereo, body-coloured bumpers, dual , automatic headlamp cut-off system, velour seat upholstery, centre back-seat , power antenna, central locking with illuminated driver's door lock and front map lamps. As per the Camry, in May 1991, the EFI version of the engine was made standard.
In August 1991, there was a small Apollo facelift, given the designation JL, with an altered model range. The SL and SLX continued, with the SLE now available only as a sedan. The Executive pack was now no longer offered, and a sports version, dubbed GS was introduced in both body variants. Equipment levels mostly mirrored the previous JK, although the SLX was now similar in specification to the discontinued Executive and the GS to the JK SLE, albeit without standard automatic transmission. GS specification cars also added body stripes, red highlights, a tachometer and upgraded audio. Appearance-wise, the JK and JL are very similar, with the JL's grille treated with bolder chrome highlighting and slightly altered tail lamps on sedans. The XV10 Camry-based replaced the JL in March 1993.Powertrains (V20) Model Drive Fuel Engine Power Torque Transmission SV20 Gasoline 1.8 L () 63 kW (85 PS) (JP)
Introduced exclusively to Japan in July 1990, the Camry V30 carried forward the four-door sedan and a differently styled hardtop sedan. Like before, either shape could be had in a Vista branded variety with revised styling. Both bodies would also form the basis of enlarged wide-body XV10 versions from September 1991, aimed primarily at international markets. The V30 remained smaller than the XV10 to offer buyers a vehicle within the "five-number" registration category concerning exterior dimensions and engine displacement for . The rules required a body width under 1.7 meters (5.6 ft), length under 4.7 meters (15.4 ft), and engines at or below 2000 cc. Sedans in the wide-body format would sell overseas as the —identical to the smaller V30 in most respects except for the front- and rear-end styling grafted to an otherwise unchanged body and interior. Hardtop sedans would engender the luxury , which again would couple the existing side profile with rehashed front, rear, and interior designs. The export-oriented ES 300 would sell as the Toyota Windom in Japan.
Dimensions grew slightly with sedan body length extended to 4,600 millimeters (181.1 in), and for the Vista and Camry hardtops to 4,630 and 4,370 millimeters (182.3 and 172.0 in), respectively. Penned by Osamu Shikado, the V30's design is much rounder when compared to the V20 series. Sedans purge the V20's six-window for a four-part setup with integrated . Up front, the sedan's curved headlamps converge with a slimline grille insert; hardtops get a thinner front assembly with narrower lights, and the is raked more sharply. Base cars gain full body-colour coding of peripheral exterior components.
The four-wheel strut/coil suspension carried over from the V20, although as option on high-end front-drive trims, Toyota added a wheel-stroke-sensitive (TEMS) and speed sensitive .
The available powerplants were three twin-cam inline-four engines—the 1.8-liter , plus the and higher-performance 2.0-liter units.Toyota also made available the 2.0-liter turbo-diesel inline-four, and for the flagship Camry Prominent only, the 2.0-liter gasoline V6.
An updated model appeared in July 1992. The scope of changes ranged from a new, larger and a revised unit. At the same time the ZX touring package appeared in place of GT, which Toyota discontinued in conjunction with its 3S-GE.
Camry sedan (pre-facelift)
Camry sedan (pre-facelift)
Camry sedan (facelift)
The Camry V40 appeared in July 1994 exclusively for the Japanese market. The Toyota Vista twin continued on, although the Camry Prominent hardtop was no longer offered; only the Vista was available as a hardtop. As before in previous generations, the Camry was exclusive to Toyota Corolla Store, while the Vista was only available at Toyota Vista Store locations.
V40 continued to be built around the 4,700 mm (185.0 in) x 1,700 mm (66.9 in) length-width bracket, legacy of a . The car is 100 mm (3.9 in) taller than its predecessor.
Engines for the V40 were a 1.8-liter (4S-FE type) and 2.0-liter (3S-FE type), and a 2.2-liter (3C-T type). At launch only the 2.0-liter model was available in mode, although afterwards the 2.2-liter turbodiesel could be optioned with this system.
Toyota updated the V40 in June 1996. In the update and dual became standard equipment. After 1998, the Japanese market Camry and international Camry became in-line with each other, with the Vista taking over the V30 and V40 Camry roles.
Camry sedan (pre-facelift)
Camry 2.0 Lumière G (facelift)
Vista hardtop (facelift)
Vista hardtop (pre-facelift)
The V50 generation was not available as a Camry—only as a Vista—as a sedan, plus a station wagon called Vista Ardeo. 1.8 L and 2.0 L engines were available. The interior features a center instrument panel/navigation display.
Vista V50 is significant because it's one of the first fruits of Toyota's company-wide platform renewal efforts known as the . Studies for new front-wheel drive (FWD) platform and packaging layout began in 1993 and appeared on market in February 1997 in the , but the Vista is the first mass-production, FWD Toyota with a new platform. Toyota claims this is the first true redesign and re-think of its FWD platforms since the 1982 Camry/Vista. With this platform, Toyota trades rear MacPherson Struts for a setup. A double-wishbone setup is available for all-wheel drive. Toyota also flipped the engine orientation so that the intake manifold is in front, improving space efficiency.
Production for the Vista ended in September 2003, as Toyota prepared to rename the Vista dealers as the dealership network. The move to simplify Toyota's dealership came in light of the pending launch in Japan, planned for August 2005. In April 2005 the process was complete and all Vista dealers became Netz dealers. In October 2003, the Vista was replaced by the .
Vista sedan (pre-facelift)
Vista sedan (facelift)
Vista Ardeo wagon (facelift)
Toyota replaced the V20 Camry with the Japanese market-only V30 series in 1990. However, international markets such as Australia and North America received a widened version of the V30, known as the XV10 series. While marginally larger than the V20, the V30 had to comply with Japanese , which restricted the car's width to 1,700 millimeters (67 in) and length to 4,700 millimeters (190 in) for a lower obligation. Particularly in the United States, this narrower model was seen as compromised, thus limiting its sales potential. As a result, the "wide-body" Camry (XV10) released to North America in 1991 was developed from early 1988 and the final design frozen later that year. It was with the XV10 that Toyota upgraded the Camry's status to its second "world car" after the , with exports starting from Australia to Southeast Asia. Japan also received the wider XV10 model, although it was sold under the Toyota Scepter name there.Toyota chose the name "Scepter" as a reference to the Camry/Crown naming tradition, as a "" is a symbolic ornamental staff held by a ruling monarch, a prominent item of royal regalia.
The smaller V30 Camry varied in other areas besides the size. Although the , and , and overall basic design cues were common between the two cars, the smaller Camry sported harder, more angular front- and rear-end styling treatment, with the wide-body model presenting a more curvaceous silhouette. This was a departure from the V20 generation Camry which, although had many more rounded panels than the V10 series, was nevertheless generally slab-sided in shape. A two-door Camry coupé was added to compete with the coupé. However, the Camry Coupé was never popular and was dropped in 1996. A two-door Camry would not be reintroduced until 1999, with the .
The Japanese V30 model was replaced by the in 1994, however, this was also a Japan-only model. International markets instead retained the wider XV10 until it was replaced by the XV20 in 1996. The V40 and XV20 models were sold alongside one another in the Japanese market until 1998. At this time, the took the place of the V40, ending the period of separate Camrys for the Japanese and international markets.
The XV10, at its most basic level, offered a 2.2-liter , up from 2.0 liters in the V20 and V30 Camrys. This unit produced 97 kilowatts (130 hp) of power and 197 newton metres (145 lb⋅ft) of , although the exact figures varied slightly depending on the market. Power and increases were also received for the . The 3.0-liter unit was rated at 138 kilowatts (185 hp) and 264 newton metres (195 lb⋅ft). An all-new aluminium V6 debuted in North American models from 1993 for the 1994 model year, with other markets retaining the 3VZ-FE V6. Power and torque rose to 140 kilowatts (190 hp) and 275 newton metres (203 lb⋅ft), respectively.
In Australia, the V6 engine Camry was badged "Camry Vienta" when launched in 1993, later becoming the Toyota Vienta in 1995. In South Africa, the XV10 Camry was manufactured by Toyota SA in from 1992 to 2002, offering both the 2.2-liter and 3.0-liter engines, as well as a 2.0-liter engine derived from the Celica. Only a sedan configuration was available. These were also marketed and sold into , and .
A variant of the UK market V6 model - detuned to run on 91 rather than 95 octane unleaded petrol - was launched in New Zealand in 1991. These Japanese-built models were replaced with an Australian-made line, with unique New Zealand specification, in 1993 at which point the 2.2-liter I4 was offered as well.
Camry sedan (Australia; pre-facelift)
Camry sedan (Australia; facelift)
Camry sedan (Australia; facelift)
In late 1991, development on the XV20 commenced after launch of the XV10 under the 415T program. Design work was frozen in early 1994 and later launched in the United States in September 1996 and Japan in December 1996. It continued as a sedan and station wagon (called the Camry Gracia in Japan), though the latter model was not sold in the United States. This generation was launched in the US for the 1997 model year.
In August 1999 for the 2000 model year, the sedan models received a mid-model upgrade to the front and rear fascias, but remained otherwise similar to the 1997 to 1999 models.
In the United States, the Camry SE was dropped and the base model was renamed the CE for the 1997 model year. Both the LE and the XLE trims were carried over from the previous series. All trim levels were available with either the 2.2-liter I4 or the 3.0-liter V6 engine except the Solara SLE, which was only available with the V6. offered a supercharger kit for 1997 through to 2000 V6 models raising power to 247 horsepower (184 kW) and 242 pound-feet (328 N⋅m) of torque. A coupe was added in 1999, and then a convertible form in 2000. In contrast to the coupe from the XV10 generation Camrys, the new two-door cars were given a separate nameplate , or simply Solara. They were also a significant styling departure from the sedan. The Solara was available in SE and SLE trims, corresponding roughly to the sedan's LE and XLE trims.
Power was increased slightly to 133 hp (99 kW) for the 2.2 L and 192 hp (143 kW) for the V6. Manual transmissions () were only available on the CE trim level, LE V6, and any Solara model. Camrys and Solaras equipped with the 5S-FE 4 cylinder engine and appropriate trim package received the S51 manual transmission, while those equipped with the 1MZ-FE 6 cylinder engine received the manual transmission.
Camry sedan (pre-facelift)
Camry sedan (facelift)
Camry sedan (facelift)
Released in September 2001 for the 2002 model year,Toyota released the Camry XV30 series as a larger sedan, but without a station wagon for the first time. The wagon's demise occurred due to its sales erosion to and .
Toyota redesigned this series from the ground up for the first time since the and . Through efficiency gains such as increased computerization, and by having the XV30 ride on the introduced with the of 2000, Toyota expedited the XV30 production development stage to 26 months, down from 36 months with the XV20. As a consequence, Toyota claimed the XV30 to have cost 30 percent less to design and develop than its predecessor. XV30 also had increased parts content over the XV20, but did not cost any more to manufacture.
Until the 2003 model year, the remained on the XV20 series chassis, and received only minor styling upgrades to the front and rear ends. However, the Solara did receive the same 2.4-liter 2AZ-FE I4 engine that was available on the Camry sedan. The US received three engine options, a 115 kW (154 hp) 2.4-liter inline-four, a 142 kW (190 hp) 3.0-liter V6, and a 157 kW (210 hp) 3.3-liter version of the same. The 3.3-liter was only available for the Camry's sportier "SE" model.
Compared to the international version with a less conservative design (styled by Hiroyuki Metsugi, approved 1999), the Asian "prestige" Camry had a different distinctive design with more chrome, larger and tail lamps and a general greater emphasis on its width.
Prestige Camry (Asia; pre-facelift)
Prestige Camry (Asia; pre-facelift)
Prestige Camry (Asia; facelift)
Prestige Camry (Asia; facelift)
This generation of Camry saw even greater differentiation between "regular" model sold internationally (including Japan) and the "prestige" Camry sold in the rest of Asia. The regular Camry, fitted with four-cylinder engines sold alongside the V6-engined prestige Camry in and the Middle East as the . Between 2006 and 2010, the regular Camry was also rebadged as the Daihatsu Altis model, which sold alongside the Camry in Japan. The Daihatsu differed only in badging, with no cosmetic changes.
The XV40 Camry was introduced at the 2006 North American International Auto Show alongside a version and went on sale in March 2006 for the 2007 model year.
Power comes from a choice of four and six-cylinder engines. The 2.4-liter engine was carried over and produced 158 horsepower (118 kW). It came with a five-speed manual or five-speed automatic transmission. The 3.5-liter V6 in contrast came with a new six-speed automatic and produced 268 horsepower (200 kW). The Camry was facelifted in 2009 for the 2010 model year with a redesigned fascia, taillights, and an all-new 2.5-liter four-cylinder engine with a new six-speed automatic transmission. The 2.5-liter engine produces 169 horsepower (126 kW) for the base, LE, XLE models, and 179 horsepower (133 kW) for the SE. Power locks, stability control, and traction control were also made standard for 2010.
The XV40 series Camry is the first in which the Camry has been available as a gasoline/electric . The Camry Hybrid utilizes Toyota's second-generation (HSD) and a four-cylinder with 110 kilowatts (150 hp) in conjunction with a 30 kilowatts (40 hp) electric motor for a combined output of 140 kilowatts (190 hp).
Camry Hybrid (facelift)
The Asian market Camry features different front and rear styling, plus a revised interior. In Asia, the Camry occupied a higher end of the market, priced just below entry-level German luxury models. The Asian Camry lineup includes a 3.5-liter V6 model and is sold as the in Australia, competing against large Australian sedans like the and .
Prestige Camry (pre-facelift)
Prestige Camry (pre-facelift)
Prestige Camry (facelift)
Prestige Camry (facelift)
The XV50 Camry was produced from 21 August 2011, introduced on 23 August 2011, and began U.S. sales in September 2011. The interior received a major restyling, while the exterior received all-new sheet metal and more angular styling.
The US Camry carried over three different engine choices from the previous model. Starting with a 2.5-liter four-cylinder hybrid model rated at 150 kW (200 hp), a 2.5-liter four-cylinder gasoline engine rated at 133 kW (178 hp) and 230 N⋅m (170 lb⋅ft), and a 3.5-liter V6 rated at 200 kW (268 hp) and 336 N⋅m (248 lb⋅ft). Power output has been increased mostly by switching to electro-hydraulic power steering. The trim levels include the L, LE, SE, XLE, SE V6, XLE V6, Hybrid LE, Hybrid XLE and for 2014 a Hybrid SE model. All models except for the hybrids are standard with six-speed automatic transmissions. No manual transmissions are offered. Hybrids are equipped with an eCVT transmission. The SE model gets paddle shifters, and a stiffer suspension. The new model has increased fuel economy due to lighter weight, a sleeker body, and low rolling-resistance tires.
A major facelift released to North America in April 2014 for the 2015 model year updated most of the exterior panels.
The US-built Toyota Camry took the top spot in 2015 and 2016 as the most American-Made car with over 75 percent of its parts and manufacturing coming from the United States.
Camry Hybrid (pre-facelift)
Camry Hybrid (facelift)
In this generation, the Camry line-up for the Japanese domestic market was reduced to being just a single variant (hybrid only). The Japanese market will now share the same Camry model as the Asian market "prestige" Camry—a design also adopted by the , albeit with minor visual changes. The Brazilian market also carries the Prestige variant instead of the one sold in North America (only in the 3.5L V6 configuration). Prior to the XV50, the Japanese and Brazilian markets wide-body Camry were similar to the US models.
Prestige Camry (pre-facelift)
Prestige Camry Hybrid (pre-facelift)
Prestige Camry (pre-facelift)
Prestige Camry (facelift)
Prestige Camry Hybrid (facelift)
Prestige Camry Hybrid (facelift)
The latest Camry, which will be the eighth-generation of the global Camry model, and known as the XV70 was introduced at the January 2017 . It was launched in Japan on 10 July 2017 and in Australia on 21 November 2017. It will be launched soon in Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia by the end of 2018. It was expected to be launched in Western Europe in 2019, replacing the . North American production started in June 2017, and sales began in late July 2017. Due to the need to equip with new equipment for Toyota New Global Architecture, a small portion of the initial North American production was sourced from the Tsutsumi plant in Japan. Once TMMK is completely retooled for the new Camry, North American production will come exclusively from TMMK. Australian models are now sourced from Japan as Toyota's plant has been closed, marking the end of local Toyota production dating back 55 years.
The Camry will be built on Platform, which is shared with the latest hybrid hatchback and crossover SUV.
Each trim level will feature a different front fascia to differentiate it from other Camry models.
Trim Levels for the new Camry include L, LE, SE, XLE, and XSE, as well as LE, SE & XLE versions of the Camry Hybrid.
Engine choices include a base 2.5 L inline four-cylinder (I4) that now produces 151 kW (203 hp) in base form (155 kW (208 hp) when equipped with the optional quad exhaust), the same 2.5 L inline four-cylinder (I4) engine with an electric motor (Hybrid) that produces 155 kW (208 hp), or the top-of-the-line 3.5 L V6 that produces 224 kW (301 hp). In some markets the old 2.5 L 2AR-FE engine is carried over from the previous generation which produces 133 kW (178 hp).
The only major component that is shared with the previous-generation is the Toyota emblem on the front grille and rear trunk lid.
The Camry will be the first Toyota vehicle to introduce the 3.0 System, which, powered by , will be an "Open-Source" operating system (OS), providing for developers to develop different applications that will work with the new infotainment system.
Transmission choices include a simulated six-speed sequential shift automatic () for Hybrid models, six-speed automatic for the 2.5L 2AR-FE engine or an eight-speed automatic for other I4 and V6 powered Camrys.
As with all Toyota vehicles, Toyota Safety Sense will come as standard equipment on all Camry models, bringing standard a pre-collision system with pedestrian detection, a full-speed radar cruise control, lane departure warning with steering assist, and automatic high beam assist. Optional safety features will include active blind spot monitoring with rear cross-traffic alert, intelligent clearance sonar, and rear cross-traffic braking.
Camry LE (USA)
Camry Ascent Sport Hybrid (Australia)
Camry Hybrid with TRD bodykits (Japan)
Daihatsu Altis (Japan)
Competing with mainstream and more affordable models in Western markets, for other export markets in Asia and Latin America, the Camry is seen as a where it sells strongly (and serves as Toyota's flagship vehicle along with the ). In the United States, except for 2001, the Camry was the best-selling passenger car from 1997 to 2016. The Camry also sells well in Australia where it has been the best selling medium car since 1993, and more recently in the Middle East and Eastern Europe. Up until 2004, small numbers had been exported to Western Europe. Despite international success, and early success in Japan, the later wide-body models have been a low-volume model in its home market. However, since the introduction of the XV50 Camry in 2011, sales of the wide-body models in Japan have resurged, thanks, in large part, to the inclusion of Toyota's system.Country 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 US 52,651 93,725 128,143 151,767 186,623 225,322 255,252 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 US 283,042 262,531 284,751 297,836 319,718 326,632 357,359 394,397 427,308 445,696 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Canada 15,524 US 422,961 388,512 434,145 413,296 426,990 431,703 448,445 473,108 436,617 356,824 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Australia 25,014 19,169 27,230 24,860 22,044 27,654 26,485 23,620 Canada 12,251 12,334 14,765 15,113 16,805 15,683 US 327,804 308,510 404,886 408,484 428,606 429,355 388,618 387,081