Skopje is not the most beautiful place we’ve visited. But it might just be the most interesting and weirdest place we’ve ever been. Everywhere we walked we had “WTF?” moments: “there’s a pirate ship in the middle of the river! WTF?”, “look, there’s a London double decker bus! WTF?”, “those colors all over the monuments! It’s like the Cat in the Hat went crazy. WTF?”. Crazy statues, over-the-top buildings, stunningly contrasting architectural styles, Christmas music playing over loudspeakers in the middle of July…It was just all very bizarre. We loved it.
Lots of photos in this post and they’re basically all over the place. This post is a mess….but so is Skopje. You’ll basically see Skopje as we saw it, walking around the relatively small city core day after day, going a little photo crazy. There’s more to Skopje than just the weirdness though. We met really friendly people, had fantastic food (which was a real surprise) and saw very few tourists even in July. Having come from the Croatian coast it was a relief. Macedonia was also the most inexpensive place we’ve been in Europe by a long margin. I’ll cover that too.
Below: don’t worry, until recently I had no idea where Macedonia was located…
The Weirdness starts – the Name Game
Macedonia was part of the former Yugoslavia which included what are now , , Serbia, , Kosovo and . As part of Yugoslavia it was recognized as the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, one of 6 republics in the country. When Yugoslavia broke up in 1991 the ‘Socialist” was dropped and the country simply named itself the “Republic of Macedonia”. This immediately caused problems with Greece who’s northernmost region is named “Macedonia”. Still, today, Greece does not recognize the Republic of Macedonia. The United Nations lists Macedonia as “FYROM” (Former Yugoslav Republic Of Macedonia). The few Macedonians we talked to laughed at the ridiculousness of it all. Macedonia and Greece have also fought a war of words over the Macedonia flag (which was changed in 1995) and over historical figures that Macedonia has incorporated but that Greece considers part of their history and culture. Chief among those is Alexander the Great, one of history’s most famous military commanders. You’ll see his name adorning Skopje’s airport and see monuments of him (and his father Philip II) in the city, including his monumental statue in the main square (Macedonia Square). Greeks claim him as their’s because he was born within Greece’s present day borders (in the aforementioned region of Macedonia) – Macedonians argue that they were part of the old Kingdom of Macedon (which included parts of Greece, Macedonia and Bulgaria) and that Greece shouldn’t have exclusive proprietorship of his name.
The dispute with Greece continues. Ask a Macedonian where he goes on vacation though and he’ll tell you the beaches of . He just won’t have his passport recognized.
Below: the first sign of quirkyness when landing in Skopje: Alexander The Great Airport
Below: Map of Skopje. Click on it for extra large sized version (Map Credit: )
Above/Below: the 22 m high Alexander the Great statue in Macedonia Square, the centerpiece in the “Skopje 2014” plan to spruce up the city. Built in Italy, it cost 9 million Euros. Total cost of the Skopje 2014 renovations? . They’re not finished, much of the city is a construction zone. The expensive plans and allegations of corruption are part of the reason for the paint-bombing of monuments you see around the city (further below).
Below: 3 ships in the middle of the small Vardar river almost make you forget that Macedonia is a landlocked country. I think they look like Pirate ships. The bottom houses a hotel (60 Euro/night), the top a restaurant.
Below: London double decker buses. Today’s buses are made in China though.
(note: many people have mentioned that the double deckers existed in Skopje prior to the 1963 earthquake. I found dating back to 1954. A commenter brought some light on their history “according to the JSP (SkopjePublicTransfer) page, the first few were imported from England in 1953, AEC-wooden construction. Later in the 1956, a few more “Layland” double decker s(metal construction this time:) were imported, from England too”. Thanks Skopejanec ).
Below: A giant rabbit head marks the entrance to the old town.
Below: Having lunch along the river on our first day, we saw this beautiful couple have their wedding photos taken on the “Bridge of Civilization” (a recently erected bridge).
Below: Paint-bombed monuments and buildings, the result of protests against the government. Everyone we spoke to seems to think that Macedonia’s government is corrupt and dictatorial. . The arch below is the Porta Macedonia, finalized in 2012 as part of the Skopje 2014 plan. Cost 4.4 million Euros. You can take the elevator to the top for views.
.Below: paint-bombed parliament building.
Below: Paint-bombed monuments.
Below: Statues. Lots and lots and lots of statues everywhere.
Above: All Skopje needs now is a Wall Street.
Nighttime is when Skopje’s Macedonia Square really comes alive, especially in the summer when you can get 40 C temps in the day. It’s a very colorful square, the highlight being the Alexander the Great fountain – lights and fountain change in rhythm to classical music being played in the square.
Below: the Alexander the Great fountain in different colors.
Turning around from above, you see the stone bridge leading to Skopje’s old town. Skopje’s old town is inhabited mostly by the city’s Muslim population and has a large bazaar, some mosques, and the large Kale fortress which overlooks the city. Very much in contrast to the reconstructed “new” part of town, the streets are cobblestoned and much of the buildings constructed in wood.
Macedonia’s population: 2 Million (2012). Approx 64% is ethnic Macedonian (Eastern Orthodox), 25% Albanian (Muslim), 3% Turk (Muslim), 3% Romani (ie. gypsies)
Below: the Stone Bridge. Originally built in the 1400s, it was reconstructed in 1994.
Below: on the Stone Bridge looking back towards Macedonia Square.
Below: flags atop the Archaeological Museum of Macedonia.
Below: Merry-go-round and colorful train right across from the Archaeological Museum. Fits right in with the rest of the craziness.
I put that in apostrophes because honestly there is not much in the way of tourist highlights. It’s more the ensemble of everything than anything in particular that makes Skopje interesting. Having said that, here are a few things you might not want to skip.
1. Kale Fortress. You can walk the walls and see the views over the city. They’re surprisingly not very impressive though. Like everything in Skopje, the fortress is undergoing renovations as I write this in 2016. Might be more interesting 3-5 years from now. Free entrance.
2. The Church of the Holy Savior. Plain except for an incredible iconostas made by 2 Macedonian brothers (and a 3rd artist from a neighboring village) in the 1820s. 10 m by 7 m, it took 5 years to carve. Really, it is breathtaking and in our opinion is the one must-see highlight in Skopje.
3. Memorial House of Mother Teresa. Most people don’t know that she was born in Macedonia. You’ll see photos of her from her childhood and with famous personalities. There’s also furniture from the time as well as a chapel.
4. The Mustafa Pasha Mosque. Built in 1492 by Mustafa Pasha who was ruler of Skopje while under Ottoman rule (which lasted 520 years from 1392 to 1912).
Above: modern buildings including a new theatre and opera house.
Above: The new, 164-room Marriott hotel directly on Macedonia Square.
Above: One of Skopje’s nicest remaining old buildings (70 -80% of Skopj’s buildings were destroyed in a catastrophic earthquake in 1963). That’s the Skopsko beer sign up top, the most popular beer in Macedonia.
Above: Fountain of the Mothers of Macedonia. They have statues and fountains commemorating almost everything…
Above: Skopje has a lively produce market where you can buy fruits and vegetables very cheaply.
Above: Interesting book store right off Macedonia Square. Woman is staring but was sweet when went to talk to her. That’s a Donna Summer album in the middle of the pile of books.
Above and below: More paint bombing.
And a lot more statues…
Above: boat hotel on the river.
Above: Horse-drawn carriage
Above: want to buy an old Yugoslav army uniform? You can find one in Skopje.
Above. Souvenir shop selling all kinds of colorful Macedonia souvenirs.
I mention at the top of this post that Skopje is not the most beautiful place we’ve ever visited. It’s a bit of a construction site at the moment. But Lissette and I agree that in 3-5 years it might actually be a beautiful city. They just have to finish those buildings and clean up the river. They recently planted a lot of palm trees along the banks and I can just imagine the effect they’ll have when they grow.
It actually ranks as one of the cheapest countries anywhere that we’ve visited.
Example 1: Etno Bar, a riverside restaurant serving traditional Macedonian food. We had a Shopska salad (like a Greek salad but with light cheese – its a Macedonian specialty), grilled chicken wrapped in bacon, Spinach quiche, and 2 large beers = came out to the equivalent of US ( Canadian). Wow.
Example 2: Our favorite cafe () in Skopje: great coffee, cakes, muffins, salads and sandwiches. Cappuccinos for around .50 US, large chicken salad with mango dressing for less than US, smoked salmon sandwich for less than US. And this is probably the fanciest, hippest cafe in Skopje (really recommend it).
Below: Turkish coffee and tea in traditional Turkish coffeehouse. Less than .50 US.
Along the river, just off the main square is a long row of restaurants. We never had a bad meal there. We had very good Mexican food, great pizza, along with fantastic traditional Macedonian food. All inexpensive. In fact, the only bad meal we had in Skopje was at the fancy Pelister restaurant on the main square. Avoid it.
Why we came here: we have to juggle time spent in Schengen and non-Schengen zones. We had a few days we had to kill before we could get back into the Schengen zone and needed a new base after Croatia. “Why not Macedonia?” we thought. We spent 10 days in Skopje and found it to be an inexpensive and relaxing getaway. It made us want to revisit Macedonia. Next time we’ll go down to Lake Ohrid, Macedonia’s jewel (and a UNESCO World Heritage Site) in the southern part of the country. Macedonia is known for it’s rugged geography of mountains and lakes. Skopje itself is located in a large valley – look around though and you’ll see mountains in every direction.
Flying in: we took a 90 minute flight from Zagreb on Croatian Airlines. See for airlines that serve Skopje.
Accommodation: . Alternatively, this is fantastic.
Official Tourism Office of Macedonia: Language: Most people speak English. We were surprised by how well.
Macedonia has a great wine culture. You’ll find both wine tasting as well as a brewery making it’s own beer in Skopje.